Color of your urine reveals about your health


Urine is made up of excess water and waste that your kidneys have filtered. Urochrome, a pigment found in blood, gives urine its natural light yellow tone. Depending on how hydrated you are, you urine color can fluctuate from clear to darker yellow or even orange tinted.

Urine moves wastes and extra water out of the body. Most of the time, its transit is uneventful and the normal output of urine will appear pale yellow to amber in color and bear little to no odor. But sometimes urine may look or smell different.

Simple urine color can tell people when to seek medical attention. Urine color may change due to something as innocuous as medications or foods, or as malevolent as an infection or cancer.

Color of your urine reveals about your Health

If your pee is completely clear, it may be a sign that you are drinking too much water. There can be rare risks with drinking a very large amount of water [including] diluting the salts in the body. But in general, if you’re drinking so much that your urine looks like water, you probably are drinking more than you need.

Blue or green
For most people, seeing blue or green urine in the toilet bowl would be quite the shock – and urine of this color is very rare, While some little-known diseases, including porphyria – an inherited enzyme condition – can result in a person having blue or green urine, a change in urine color wouldn’t be the first sign of disease among sufferers.

Brownish urine
Liver damage can also lead to brownish urine, as can porphyria, an inherited blood disorder. And eating gargantuan quantities of fava beans or rhubarb can also turn urine dark brown or black.

Orange urine
Orange urine may also be an indicator of dehydration. But it is usually caused by foods containing high vitamin C or carotene, a plant pigment in orange-hued foods like carrots. Urine may turn orange after taking certain kinds of medication including some antibiotics, blood thinners, laxatives, chemotherapy drugs, and medications taken to treat urinary tract infections.

If you see plain yellow urine, it means your body is not very well hydrated. It could be due to excessive sweating or low hydration. Hence, it indicates that you should be drinking more of liquids to avoid dehydration.

This color is due to growth of bacteria in the urinary tract. It indicates urinary tract infection or presence of kidney stones.

Red or pink
Red or pink urine could be because of consumption of food made with red dye or natural red color food like beetroot and blackberries. In more serious terms, it could indicate blood getting in the urine. The reason could be problems in the urinary system, kidney stones or strenuous or aerobic exercise, which can cause the breakdown of red blood cells.

Under most normal circumstances a slight change in the color of your urine is nothing to worry about. If the color continues for more than 24 hours and has any other accompanying symptoms, the best bet is to be safe and consult a doctor as soon as possible.

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Phyllis Bentley
I have 12 years’ experience in the medical industry. As a freelance writer, I have written a number of articles which have been published in highly read publications. I have a strong knowledge base in a range of medical and wellness topics and in the business of health care.
Specialities in Family health; autoimmune diseases; mental health; diabetes, cancer; fitness and nutrition.